T-Mobile USA Web Guard
ooni_test: HTTP Host
country: United States
provider: T-Mobile USA
product: Web Guard
censorship_method: Transparent HTTP proxy
T-Mobile USA offers a “feature” to restrict access to certain kinds of content. This is called Web Guard. Supposedly Web Guard is supposed to inhibit access to content that falls under the following categories: Alcohol, Mature Content, Violence, Drugs, Pornography, Weapons, Gambling, Suicide, Guns, Hate, Tobacco, Ammunition.
By developing an OONI-probe test we were able to extract part of the list of censored content and discovered that sites that do not fall under these categories were also censored. This feature is enabled by default on all prepaid accounts and although it can be disabled by customers who wish to do so (if over 18 years of age), it is not clearly stated in the error page how to do so. This means that T-Mobile USA customers may be drawn into the Filternet without knowing how to get out.
How is the censorship performed?
The technique being used by T-Mobile USA to restrict access to certain content involves deploying a transprent HTTP proxy. This proxy intercepts every HTTP packet going through the network and checks it’s Host header field to see if it on the censored list. If the site is to be blocked it injects a fake response warning the user of the block. What this means is that the block is only effective against unencrypted HTTP traffic, but does not work for encrypted HTTPs traffic.
Some sites should not be censored
While most of the censored sites are legitimately categorized, there are certain ones that do not fall under the categories of the block. Here is a list of sites that we found to be censored, but that we don’t believe belong to any of the following categories Alcohol, Mature Content, Violence, Drugs, Pornography, Weapons, Gambling, Suicide, Guns, Hate, Tobacco, Ammunition.
This is one of the most interestingly blocked website. Italy practices DNS based censorship for website that are related to online gambling. This is the block page is displayed when the IP address in the DNS response is spoofed. This is meta censorship!
What can we learn from this?
That if you are a Chinese sports fan or a French interested in economics under 18 you will have a hard time going with T-Mobile in the US. There appears to be overall a tendency to blocking foreign sports news websites.
When I asked T-Mobile US about the matter this is what came out with the following:
Arturo Filastò @hellais @TMobileHelp Under what category does http://torproject.org fall under? I don't see any reason for it being blocked. @mikavienna @ioerror T-Mobile USA @TMobileHelp Hi there. Here's more info about webguard. http://ow.ly/9JbxO Please let us know if we can help. ^CG Arturo Filastò @hellais @TMobileHelp Why is web guard blocking http://torproject.org? It does not appear to belong to the filtered categories. T-Mobile USA @TMobileHelp @hellais @MiKaVienna @ioerror http://torproject.org is not blocked. There must be a webguard on your line. Please contact us to resolve. ^CG Arturo Filastò @hellais Wonder what keywords it picket up in @torproject that fit in these categories: http://support.t-mobile.com/docs/DOC-2144#What_categories_will_be_completely_restricted_with_the_Web_Guard_feature T-Mobile USA @TMobileHelp My guess would be system picked up keywords there. Let us know if we can assist in turning webguard off. ^CG Arturo Filastò @hellais Also, doesn't t-mobile buy the list of censored sites from a third party? Or does it compile it itself? T-Mobile USA @TMobileHelp My guess would be system picked up keywords there. Let us know if we can assist in turning webguard off. ^CG Arturo Filastò @hellais My questions are: why is Web Guard enabled on my account and why sites such as http://torproject.org are filtered. T-Mobile USA @TMobileHelp I don't have enough information to speculate further about the details. I CAN help you turn off webguard? ^CG Arturo Filastò @hellais @TMobileHelp what leads TMobile to believe that a customer is interested in censorship? Is Web Guard activated on all prepaid accounts? T-Mobile USA @TMobileHelp Must be because when your account was set up, we thought you wanted it. If you don't, please contact us: http://ow.ly/9JllQ ^CG
So T-Mobile is basically interfering into what should be taught by parents to their children. Since most of prepaid customers are under 18 they reserve the right to decide what is right and wrong for them, even bypassing their parents.
If I were a parent I would be mad that T-Mobile US chooses for my what my child should watch and should not.